Dog Crates And Sizing Charts

**Please Note Crate Safety

Supervise your pet while they are in the crate, until they are crate trained (calm and not attempting to escape). Remove collar and any item that could cause injury or choking hazard by getting caught on the crate.

We may earn money from the companies mentioned in this page.

Dog Crates And Sizing Charts

A dog crate is basically a wire, plastic, canvas or wooden cage with a door. Designed to keep your dog and your belongings safe. Dog crates come in assorted styles, materials and sizes. Therefore each variety has advantages and disadvantages making the choice of the best crate for your dog a difficult one.

The 4 Main Dog Crates Types

Dog in Wire Dog Crate
Metal Crates
Dog in Soft Dog Crate
Soft Crates
Dog and Kitten with Plastic Dog Crate
Plastic Crates
Wood Crates

Table of Contents
Benefits Of Owning A Dog Crate
1) How Are You Going To Use Your Dog Crate?
    Using Dog Crates As A Management Tool
    Using Dog Crates For Safe And Comfortable Travel
2) The Age And Behaviour Of Your Dog
    Dog Crates By Age Stage
    Dog Crates For The Destructive or Escape Artist Dogs
3) Where Are You Going To Place Your Dog Crate?
4) Which Dog Crate Features Are Important To You?
5) What Size Dog Crate Do You Need?
    How To Measure Your Adult Dog For A Crate
    What Size Crate For Puppies?
6) The 4 Main Dog Crates Types
    Wire / Metal Dog Crates And Sizes
      Pin This Wire Dog Crate Sizing Chart
    Soft Dog Crates And Sizes
      Pin This Soft Dog Crate Sizing Chart
    Plastic Dog Crates And Sizes
      Pin This Plastic Dog Crate Sizing Chart
    Wooden Dog Crates And Sizes
      Pin This Wooden Dog Crate Sizing Chart
7) Dog Crate Accessories

Benefits Of Owning A Dog Crate

Benefits Of A Dog Crate For You

  • Keep your dog safe when you cannot supervise them.
  • Keep your dog safe when travelling.
  • Protect your belongings when you cannot supervise them.
  • Speed up the house-training process.
  • Use the crate for a timeout for an over-excited dog.
  • Prevent bad habits from forming.
  • A safe place during injury or sickness.
  • Crate training your dog in case of travel, boarding or at the vets.

Benefits Of A Dog Crate For Your Dog

  • Dog cages can offer a sense of security.
  • A personal space filled with their favourite things.
  • A safe and familiar haven while travelling.
  • A place to hide when feeling threatened.
  • A calm retreat to rest and relax.
The dog crate you choose depends on, first how you are going to use it, second, the age and behaviour of your dog and third where will the crate be placed?

1) How Are You Going To Use Your Dog Crate?

Using Dog Crates As A Management Tool

Who doesn’t love puppies? We were getting 2 puppies at the same time in May 2017. Nudge is a chocolate Labrador specially selected to be trained as an Assistance Dog and Rita is an American Staffy X rescue pup. These cute and cuddly darlings would soon disrupt our life and destroy our belongs. A reminder from the trials and tribulations of puppy-raising from 12 years ago.

Allows Your Puppy / Dog To Succeed More And Strengthen Your Relationship

I knew to give the puppies free reign inside the house and outside was a bad idea. Puppies explore with their mouths and play with anything that looks inviting, therefore leading to mischief and learning bad behaviours. The more “mistakes” your puppy makes, the more they learn unwanted behaviours.

Metal Dog Crate and Playpen
Nudge & Rita in their wire crate and pen.

The use of a crate takes away the opportunities your puppy would have to misbehave. They will succeed more, getting praise from you rather than no’s for doing the wrong things. As a result, you will have a happier dog, a happier you and a stronger relationship between the two of you. I set up a puppy management plan of acceptable behaviours, including safe places while they were not being 100% supervised. This created more ‘happy positive experiences’.

A Puppy / Dog Management Plan

A puppy/dog management plan is your responsibility to manage your home environment and any situation your puppy encounters. Therefore you must assume that anything left on the floor or within their reach is fair game for your puppy. Most importantly you are preventing them from getting into situations where unwanted behaviour occurs, being reinforced and continuing. 

Soft Dog Crate
Nudge’s soft crate on a chest making it easier to move from room to room.

In my post Dog Enclosures and Pens, I cover the crates and pens we used to manage the puppies so they couldn’t make “mistakes” and to keep them and our belongings safe.
A crate is useful for management and training during the puppy and adolescent stages. However, the crate is needed less and less as the dogs reach adulthood and become aware of what’s expected of them.

Dog Management is you managing your environment and situations your dog encounters, it does not replace training.

Using Dog Crates For Safe And Comfortable Travel

Do you enjoy travelling the world, but you do not want to leave your fur baby at home? Whether by road or by air, travelling in a crate is the best and safest way for your dog to travel. It keeps them calm, offers protection for when an accident occurs and protects the driver from the distractions of a loose dog in the car.

Road Travel And Camping

If you travel by car, 4×4 or camper, then a folding dog crate is the ideal choice. These crates are specifically designed to be completely collapsible, making them easy to take with you on any trip. For instance, is very useful for when you stay in a hotel or take your dog camping.

Soft Dog Crate in back of car

As a result of a loose dog in your vehicle, they can cause a dangerous situation for the driver. In addition, many dogs that survive accidents are then lost or injured because they wander off into oncoming traffic.
Finally, riding in a vehicle can be stressful and scary for some dogs. Therefore having your dog restrained in their crate solves all of these problems.

Air Travel

One of the most important parts of arranging safe pet transport is choosing the right travel crate. Pet travel crates must be the right size and also airline approved. While you can hire them from a pet transport company, purchasing one you can use day to day will provide your dog with the security of a place and items he knows.

Dog and Kitten with Plastic Dog Crate

A lot of dogs will travel by air once in their lives, and your dog will fly in a crate in the cargo hold. The plastic dog crate offers protection for your dog during the flight.

Flying can be a frightening experience for your dog so making them feel safe and comfortable with familiar items is important. This includes crate training your dog before you fly.

No matter how you travel there is a dog crate to suit your needs.

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2) The Age And Behaviour Of Your Dog

Dog Crates By Age Stage

A Senior dog has different needs and behaviour to a puppy.

Dog Crate Suitable For Your Dog’s Age

Adult’s and senior’s need a comfortable space or bed that will keep them warm or cool depending on the weather. Your dog may not need to be in a crate all the time but you may need to keep them safe in certain situations such as from visitors, children or other pets.


As an adolescent, your dog will be close to adult size but still have the behaviour of the puppy. As they push the boundaries, the crate is the perfect place for a ‘calm down time out’ place.

Dog in Wicker Dog Crate


Puppies need a crate that is easy to clean in case they have any ‘accidents’. They also need a crate that is big enough for their adult size as they grow fast.

Dog Crates For The Destructive or Escape Artist Dogs

Manufacturers of heavy duty dog crates design them to withstand the punishment of aggressive or destructive dogs.

Your Dogs Behaviour

Destructive dogs will chew through the fabric of the soft crates, and will, therefore, need a robust dog crate made from heavy plastic or heavy welded steel wires.

Your escape artist may need a reinforced wire crate or a heavy duty dog crate. An intelligent dog can learn to unzip soft crates and push through the corners of the wire crates.

ProSelect Indestructible dog crate

Determined dogs, both large or small will use their muscles and mass to push and bend apart bars.

Dog breaks out of cage

Taylor Dog Escapes From Crate

Crate Breaking Prevention

How to reinforce a cheap crate

Some dog crates are more robust than others, therefore, the material and style of the dog crate should be durable enough for your dog’s behaviour.

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3) Where Are You Going To Place Your Dog Crate?

Dog Crates To Suit Your Decor Or Room

When considering a suitable place for your dog crate, keep in mind the temperature and noise level. An area for your dog to get away from things. A place for some peace and quiet, to relax and sleep in peace. If the crate is going to be used in your bedroom or living room, then perhaps something to match your decor would be more appealing.

Bedside and end tables provide a usable surface. Usually in wooden or wicker to suit your room’s decor. Some of these are metal crates sitting inside a wooden frame.

Dress up your metal crate with a stylish dog crate cover, this cover fits on top of the crate to transform it into an eye-catching accessory.

For the DIY lover try up-cycling old furniture to suit your room. Take the doors off a kitchen hutch and replace with wire panels.

Dog crates can be considered as a piece of furniture.  Hide them away by placing it in the space under a desk or table.

Many people consider their dogs’ crate as another piece of household furniture.

4) Which Dog Crate Features Are Important To You?

Features To Consider When Buying A Dog Crate

Below are some important features to look for. To see the full list of features, download the feature chart to help you in selecting the right model for you and your dog.


It is necessary to keep your dog’s living and sleeping area clean and hygienic. How easy is the crate to clean?
Does the crate have a removable tray for a thorough cleaning?
Can you clean the crate with soap and water, or the material be washed?

Both wire and plastic crates are easy to clean.

Folded Metal Dog Crate


Will the crate need to be stored?
Do you need wheels for easy movement?
What is the weight?

Soft crates top the list for portability, but metal crates can also be folded flat.

Plastic carriers have wheels and are travel-friendly.

Plastic dog crate


To create a safe place for your dog you will need a durable crate.
Is your dog an escape artist, destructive or a chewer?
Do you need a heavy duty crate?

A durable dog crate will last throughout your dog’s life.

Metal and plastic dog crates are the most durable.

Sodt Dog Crate with dog and doorsopen

Number Of Doors

Crates come with 1 to 3 doors, short side, long side and top are the most common positions.
A top door or flap can make life easier, this allows you access to all of the crate saving you bending and reaching.

Do you need a door on a certain side?

Safety First

Look for a well-designed crate for the purpose you need it for.
How do the doors close?
Are there any sharp edges?
Are there any exposed wires?
Is the wire grid size small enough so your dog’s paws can’t get caught?

visibility & ventilation

Ventilation will depend on the climate, for the hotter weather increased airflow is needed.
Wire and soft crates have increased visibility and ventilation.

Some plastic crates have smaller air vents which could be an advantage in colder climates.

Remember your dog crate is for the benefit of both you and your dog. Choose the features to suit both of you.

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5) What Size Dog Crate Do You Need?

How To Measure your Adult Dog For A Crate

The dog crate needs to be big enough to allow your dog to turn around. They need to be able to stand and sit without banging their head and lay down on their side without being cramped. However, it should not be too big leaving room for your dog to do their “business” in the crate.

Following these 2 steps to get your dimensions.

Step 1: Length

  • Make your dog stand tall, on all four paws.
  • Measure your from the tip of the nose to base of its tail. Remember NOT the tip of the tail 
  • Add 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10cm) to the length measurement above for the shortest length of the crate.

Step 2: Height, some dogs are taller in their sitting position than standing.

  • Make your dog either stand or sit upright whichever is the tallest.
  • Measure from the floor to the tallest point of the head (ears, nose).
  • Add 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10cm) to the height measurement above for the shortest height of the crate.

What Size Crate for Puppies?

You will want a crate that your puppy can grow into. By purchasing a crate that fits the adult size of your puppy, you can adjust the size as your puppy grows. A crate with dividers can be expanded at any time to your requirements.

Rather than buying a small-sized crate for your puppy, you can opt for a full-sized crate with a divider.

6) The 4 Main Dog Crates Types

Dog in Wire Dog Crate
Metal Crates
Dog in Soft Dog Crate
Soft Crates
Dog and Kitten with Plastic Dog Crate
Plastic Crates
Wood Crates

Wire / metal Dog Crates and sizes

Wire dog crates are the most common crate seen and used. They are secure enough to keep the most playful puppy safe. Heavy-duty metal crates are ideal for the escape artist and more destructive dogs.

Wire Dog Crate Common Sizes
The size of the crate is determined by its length.
Tiny: 18″
X-Small: 22″
Small: 24″
Medium: 30″
Medium/Large: 36″
Large: 42″
X-Large: 48″

Dog in Wire Dog Crate

Safe and Effective
These crates are quite comfortable for dogs with a bed added.

Advantages of Wire Crates

  • Have a slide out tray for easy cleaning.
  • Allows for greatest ventilation to help your dog stay cool and relaxed on warm weather days.
  • Allows the dog inside the greatest visibility.
  • The smaller models are usually light in weight and portable.
  • Many models are collapsible and fold flat becoming an extremely functional dog crate.
  • Many models come with divider panels.
  • Some models have a single door while others have multiple openings.

Disadvantages of Wire Crates

  • Easy to escape from for determined and intelligent dogs.
  • The larger models are usually bulky and heavy.
  • Some dogs can feel exposed without a cover, offering little shelter in colder climates.
  • Noisy when dogs move around a lot.
    The plastic tray bases often crack and split and dogs can chew them.
  • Coloured epoxy coated crates look great when new, but chip easy and can look tatty after a while.
Generally speaking, wire dog crates are what you think of when you mention a dog crate.

Pin this Wire Dog Crate Sizing Chart to Pinterest for your Reference.

Wire Dog Crates and Sizing

Soft Dog Crates And Sizes

As they look less intimidating and ‘like a cage’ they make a good choice for first-time users and crate-averse people.

Soft Dog Crate Common Sizes
The size of the crate is determined by its length.
Tiny: 18″
X-Small: 22″
Small: 24″
Medium: 30-31″
Medium/Large: 36″
Large: 42″
X-Large: 48″

Folded Soft Dog Crate

Great Indoors and Out
Soft dog crates are lightweight, washable, easy to use, and accessible on the go.

Advantages of Soft Crates

  • Light and portable coming with a carry bag.
  • More comfortable for your dog as they are soft and flexible.
  • Practical for storing and travelling as can be folded flat.
  • Potential injury to overly energetic or scared dogs is reduced.

Disadvantages of Soft Crates

  • Not as durable.
  • Destructive dogs can chew through the fabric, destroying the crate in the process.
  • Intelligent dogs can learn to unzip and open the doors.
  • Larger sizes can be difficult to wash.
Great for Travelling and Camping. Whether you travel by car, 4×4 or motor home, the soft dog crates are specifically designed to collapse flat, making them easy to take with you.
While not as strong or sturdy, they will give your dog a comfortable place to sleep and keep them out of trouble.

Pin this Soft Dog Crate Sizing Chart to Pinterest for your Reference.

Soft Dog Crates and Sizing

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Plastic Dog Crates And Sizes

Some plastic dog crates are airline approved and provide even more comfort and security for your dog in day-to-day use.

Plastic Dog Crate Common Sizes
The size of the crate is determined by its length. There are more varied sizes in plastic crates as some are airline approved.
Small: 24″
Medium: 27″
Large: 29″-32″
X-Large: 35″-36″
XX-Large: 39″-42″
XXX-Large: 48″

Plastic Dog Crate with Wheels

Lightweight and Durable
Plastic dog crates can withstand the bumpiest of travelling conditions.

Advantages of plastic Crates

  • Light in weight and more portable than wire dog crates.
  • The bottom of the crate can be used as a dog bed.
  • Offering better insulation in colder climates.
  • Less visibility is better for easily distracted dogs.
  • More sheltered and a greater feeling of security for some dogs.
  • Some models have removable food/water dishes and wheels.
  • Travel-friendly as many are ‘airline approved’.
  • More difficult to escape than wire crates.

Disadvantages of plastic Crates

  • Bulky and doesn’t fold flat needing more storage space.
  • Not suitable for hot climates.
  • Reduced ventilation can cause overheating in some dogs.
  • Less visibility and enclosed nature can stress out some dogs who prefer to see their surroundings.
  • Plastic crates can hold dog odours making it harder to keep fresh and clean.
Plastic dog crates are mostly used for air travel and are marketed as ‘pet carriers’ or ‘transport’ crates. The ‘airline approved’ crates will have documentation.

Pin this Plastic Dog Crate Sizing Chart to Pinterest for your Reference.

Plastic Dog Crates and sizing

Wooden / Stylish Dog Crates And Sizes

Furniture style crates make a fashionable addition to your home and can double as a usable piece of furniture.

Wooden Dog Crate Common Sizes
The size of the crate is determined by its length.
Small: 24″
Medium: 30″
Large: 42″
X-Large: 48″

Furniture style dog crates are available in many styles, materials and prices. The main benefit of these crates is the ability to blend into your room’s decor. Some wooden styles are not suitable for chewers.

Dog in Wicker Dog Crate

Match Your Décor
Furniture style dog crates add some style to your home, especially for dog owners who are sick and tired of metal crates.

Advantages of Wooden Crates

  • Different styles, with options for various traditional furniture hardwood materials, and colours to suit your home.
  • Doubles as a usable surface, shelf, end table or bedside table.
  • DIY and Upcycle furniture.
  • Ventilation and visibility to suit you and your dogs’ needs.

Disadvantages of Wooden Crates

  • Not suitable for destructive and chewing dogs.
  • Not good for house training as accidents will leave stains and be hard to clean.
  • Custom made can be expensive when compared to other crates.
Enjoy the functionality of a crate without having to compromise on the theme of your room.
DIY and upcycle your unused and old furniture into one of a kind dog crates.

Pin this Wooden Dog Crate Sizing Chart to Pinterest for your Reference.

Wooden Dog Crates and sizing

7) Dog Crate Accessories

Essentials and Luxury Extras

Dog crates don’t come with the homey additions your dog needs for it to immediately feel like a safe space. Designing the space to help decrease the chances of separation anxiety is a great idea to make your furry friend feel more at home in his crate.

MidWest Crate Water Bowl

Water and Food Bowls
Available in plastic or stainless steel. Check for well-designed clips because your dog can dislodge the bowls and spill the food and water. 

Dog chewing a kong

Dog Chew Toys
Fill a Kong with kibble, treats or peanut butter to add entertain your dog while in the crate.  Can even be frozen in summer to last longer.

Crate Wheels

Universal Crate Casters
The casters provide portability and ease of movement,  designed to fit most wire crates.

Crate Cover
Provide full coverage for privacy at bedtime or to hide the crate when not in use.

Dog in Wire Dog Crate

Pet Bed & Crate Mat
Make your dog’s crate cozy with a mat or bed. Available in a variety of sizes to fit most crates.

LnL Dog Crate and Bumper Set

Cushion & Bed Bumper set
Bumpers are ideal for all dogs but especially young puppies and small breed dogs to keep them comfy when they lay against the side of the crate. Head over to Etsy and check these out.

Frisco Dog Blanket

Dog Blanket
For extra warmth let your dog curl up with a blanket for a nap.

Dog Cooling Mat

Cooling Pet Pad
Ideal to sooth on hot summer days to keep dogs from overheating or for senior pets or those with hip dysplasia.

Heating Mat in a dog crate

Warming Pet Crate Pad
Use it to keep your dog warm and cozy through the night.

Dog Crates keeping your dog safe and happy


In conclusion, dog crates are essential for your pet’s well-being, as long as they are roomy and comfortable.

  • Wire dog crates are the most practical having a divider wall that can be adjusted as your puppy grows. Ideal for the puppy and toilet training process.
  • Soft dog crates are ideal for travelling and camping as they fold flat. Not suitable for a chewing and destructive puppy/dog.
  • Plastic dog crates are great for airline travel. Ideal for the puppy and toilet training process.
  • Wooden dog crates look like furniture and are for indoor use. Ideal for the puppy and toilet training process.

Choose the perfect crate to match your needs giving your dog a safe place to call their own.

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Images from pxhere, pngtree, MidWest Products, Merry Products, Frisco Products, Mr. Herzher’s Wicker Crate, ProSelect Empire Cage, EliteField Crates, Petmate Crates.

Dog Tips Infographic

**Please Note Crate Safety Supervise your pet while they are in the crate, until they are crate trained (calm and not attempting to escape). Remove collar and any item that…
Read More

19 thoughts on “Dog Crates And Sizing Charts”

  1. This article was very useful, helpful and, so nicely detailed! I love all the graphic pictures especially with the crate information. Your website is so adorable. I love the paw prints in the background!

  2. What a nice post you wrote! I really enjoyed reading it and I could not be silent about your post so I decided to leave my comment here and say Thank You! For sharing this quality post with others.
    Actually this is exactly the information that I was looking for information about the best dog crates and when I landed on your website and read this post, it answered all my questions in details.
    So I’m happy that you decided to write about this topic and share it with people. It’s very useful and can definitely be used as a great source for everyone who is interested in this topic.
    I will come back to your website again for sure and I’m looking forward to reading your new posts.)


    1. Thanks Ali, I am so glad that you found this informative, and the information has helped you in your crate buying decisions.

  3. I can sense how much dogs mean to you just by reading your article…
    You’ve done an awesome job with it. I don’t think I’ve ever read so detailed piece of content!
    In-depth, resourceful, and right on point.
    I’m sending your page to a friend of mine who just got a dog and is looking for a dog crate.
    She will appreciate it just as much as I do, probably even more!
    I hope you’ll continue with doing such a great job in the future as well.

  4. Great article on various dog crates and how to choose the best one for your dog! This will help owners make a much more informed decision. I appreciate all of the great reasons youve listed as to why a dog crate can be a good and almost necessary investment for the training and safety of a dog. I think the one thing I’d want to emphasize to owners is that while crates can be wonderful – a dog shouldnt be in them for extended periods of time every day all day. That’s no life! Be careful to use a crate wisely and not to be a neglectful owner because you’re busy or your furniture is more important.

    1. I totally agree Sherry that some dogs are left in small cramped crates and cages for extended times. This is so cruel and gives the responsible dog owner a bad name if they use a crate while the dog is young. I have a great infographic that gives the maximum time in the crate.

  5. Hi!
    That’s a great article.
    We used a metal crate for our Portuguese Podengo Puppy. Well she is now already 1,5 years old, so she doesn’t need it anymore, although sometimes it can also be a good tool for training purposes.

    1. As adult dogs, they do not need to be locked in their crates which is great. And you have the base crate training which is good. If the crate is not packed away I would play a crate game every so often to keep your dog primed. Sometimes accidents happen like with one of ours and was on restricted activity for 6-8 weeks, only let out for potty breaks. (torn ACL)
      Thanks Rowena

  6. Hi Rowena

    Great article with some fantastic ideas, I’ve never really thought of using a dog crate as a way to help with puppy training but the more I read it make complete sense and a happy environment for both owner and puppy. I do a little woodworking myself so repurposing wooden furniture is right up my alley for making the crate blend into my house. I do have a quick question, the dog crates that can have a divider installed, is that only avaialble on the wire type dog crates or do they offer them in the other varieties as well?


    1. That is a great question. Some of the plastic crates also have dividers, for example, the Petmate Plastic Kennel has a metal divider. Sounds like a good project to repurpose a piece of your furniture.

  7. Wow wow! This is rather an exhausting write up and very engaging to read through. Firstly, I own a dog, Shelly. She is a Labrador breed too but most times she gets out of hands when I’m not around her thats the reason I want to get her a crate. The suggestions here are just cool and informative. At least, I know what and why each crate has been suggested and the best possible one to get for her. I think I’ll prefer the wooden crates because of its furniture like look since she is the indoor type. Thanks for this informative post

  8. Help! I’m really struggling with crate training our labrador puppy. We have only had him for 3 days and we decided to go with a wire crate to try to train him. But he hates it! I have tried being firm with him but on the first night he howled the whole way through the night. On the second night I tried lying beside the crate until he fell asleep before going to bed myself but literally 30 minutes later he woke up and howled the rest of the night.

    Is it worth trying a different type of crate or should we just persevere. At the minute we are all stressed out!

    1. Hi David, I have another post on how to teach your dog to love the crate, filled with ideas to make the transition easier. I also recommend playing Crate Games with the pup. It can take a while for some puppies, Having a clock can help soothe. You need to remember that any exposure to the crate needs to positive, so feeding in the crate goes a long way to increase the positive value.

  9. Shane Fegan

    Very nifty rundown on the styles and sizes of crates out there, and how they can be used.

    In a world where for every great family who looks after their dogs, there are people that disrespect dogs disgracefully, which emphasises the importance of the crates.

    It is a great guide for dog owners to really find the right solution for them.

  10. Hello! Wow! I really loved your post! It was so informative and I really loved your practical use of videos and images. Thank you so much for providing such educational material! 🙂

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